Matches are best-of-five sets and the fifth set, if necessary, is usually played to 15 points. Scoring differs between leagues, tournaments, and levels; high schools sometimes play best-of-three to 25; in the NCAA matches are played best-of-five to 25 as of the season.
Before , points could be scored only when a team had the serve side-out scoring and all sets went up to only 15 points. The FIVB changed the rules in with the changes being compulsory in to use the current scoring system formerly known as rally point system , primarily to make the length of the match more predictable and to make the game more spectator- and television-friendly.
Rally point scoring debuted in ,  and games were played to 30 points through For the season, games were renamed "sets" and reduced to 25 points to win. Most high schools in the U. The libero player was introduced internationally in ,  and made its debut for NCAA competition in When the ball is not in play, the libero can replace any back-row player, without prior notice to the officials.
This replacement does not count against the substitution limit each team is allowed per set, although the libero may be replaced only by the player whom he or she replaced. The libero may function as a setter only under certain restrictions. An underhand pass is allowed from any part of the court. The libero is, generally, the most skilled defensive player on the team. There is also a libero tracking sheet, where the referees or officiating team must keep track of whom the libero subs in and out for.
There may only be one libero per set game , although there may be a different libero in the beginning of any new set game. Furthermore, a libero is not allowed to serve, according to international rules, with the exception of the NCAA women's volleyball games, where a rule change allows the libero to serve, but only in a specific rotation.
That is, the libero can only serve for one person, not for all of the people for whom she goes in. That rule change was also applied to high school and junior high play soon after.
Other rule changes enacted in include allowing serves in which the ball touches the net, as long as it goes over the net into the opponents' court. Also, the service area was expanded to allow players to serve from anywhere behind the end line but still within the theoretical extension of the sidelines. Other changes were made to lighten up calls on faults for carries and double-touches, such as allowing multiple contacts by a single player "double-hits" on a team's first contact provided that they are a part of a single play on the ball.
In , the NCAA changed the minimum number of points needed to win any of the first four sets from 30 to 25 for women's volleyball men's volleyball remained at 30 for another 3 years, switching to 25 in If a fifth deciding set is reached, the minimum required score remains at In addition, the word "game" is now referred to as "set".
Changes in rules have been studied and announced by the FIVB in recent years, and they have released the updated rules in Competitive teams master six basic skills: A player stands behind the inline and serves the ball, in an attempt to drive it into the opponent's court. The main objective is to make it land inside the court; it is also desirable to set the ball's direction, speed and acceleration so that it becomes difficult for the receiver to handle it properly.
Also called reception, the pass is the attempt by a team to properly handle the opponent's serve, or any form of attack. Proper handling includes not only preventing the ball from touching the court, but also making it reach the position where the setter is standing quickly and precisely. The skill of passing involves fundamentally two specific techniques: The set is usually the second contact that a team makes with the ball.
As with passing, one may distinguish between an overhand and a bump set. Since the former allows for more control over the speed and direction of the ball, the bump is used only when the ball is so low it cannot be properly handled with fingertips, or in beach volleyball where rules regulating overhand setting are more stringent.
In the case of a set, one also speaks of a front or back set, meaning whether the ball is passed in the direction the setter is facing or behind the setter. There is also a jump set that is used when the ball is too close to the net. In this case the setter usually jumps off his or her right foot straight up to avoid going into the net.
Sometimes a setter refrains from raising the ball for a teammate to perform an attack and tries to play it directly onto the opponent's court. This movement is called a "dump". The most common dumps are to 'throw' the ball behind the setter or in front of the setter to zones 2 and 4.
More experienced setters toss the ball into the deep corners or spike the ball on the second hit. The attack, also known as the spike , is usually the third contact a team makes with the ball.
Ideally the contact with the ball is made at the apex of the hitter's jump. At the moment of contact, the hitter's arm is fully extended above his or her head and slightly forward, making the highest possible contact while maintaining the ability to deliver a powerful hit.
The hitter uses arm swing, wrist snap, and a rapid forward contraction of the entire body to drive the ball. A "kill" is the slang term for an attack that is not returned by the other team thus resulting in a point. Blocking refers to the actions taken by players standing at the net to stop or alter an opponent's attack. A block that is aimed at completely stopping an attack, thus making the ball remain in the opponent's court, is called offensive. A well-executed offensive block is performed by jumping and reaching to penetrate with one's arms and hands over the net and into the opponent's area.
The jump should be timed so as to intercept the ball's trajectory prior to it crossing over the net. Palms are held deflected downward roughly 45—60 degrees toward the interior of the opponents court. A "roof" is a spectacular offensive block that redirects the power and speed of the attack straight down to the attacker's floor, as if the attacker hit the ball into the underside of a peaked house roof. By contrast, it is called a defensive, or "soft" block if the goal is to control and deflect the hard-driven ball up so that it slows down and becomes easier to defend.
A well-executed soft-block is performed by jumping and placing one's hands above the net with no penetration into the opponent's court and with the palms up and fingers pointing backward. Blocking is also classified according to the number of players involved. Thus, one may speak of single or solo , double, or triple block. Successful blocking does not always result in a "roof" and many times does not even touch the ball.
While it's obvious that a block was a success when the attacker is roofed, a block that consistently forces the attacker away from his or her 'power' or preferred attack into a more easily controlled shot by the defense is also a highly successful block. At the same time, the block position influences the positions where other defenders place themselves while opponent hitters are spiking.
Digging is the ability to prevent the ball from touching one's court after a spike or attack, particularly a ball that is nearly touching the ground. It is especially important while digging for players to stay on their toes; several players choose to employ a split step to make sure they're ready to move in any direction. Some specific techniques are more common in digging than in passing. A player may sometimes perform a "dive", i. When the player also slides his or her hand under a ball that is almost touching the court, this is called a "pancake".
The pancake is frequently used in indoor volleyball, but rarely if ever in beach volleyball because the uneven and yielding nature of the sand court limits the chances that the ball will make a good, clean contact with the hand.
When used correctly, it is one of the more spectacular defensive volleyball plays. Sometimes a player may also be forced to drop his or her body quickly to the floor to save the ball. In this situation, the player makes use of a specific rolling technique to minimize the chances of injuries.
Volleyball is essentially a game of transition from one of the above skills to the next, with choreographed team movement between plays on the ball. These team movements are determined by the teams chosen serve receive system, offensive system, coverage system, and defensive system.
The serve-receive system is the formation used by the receiving team to attempt to pass the ball to the designated setter. Systems can consist of 5 receivers, 4 receivers, 3 receivers, and in some cases 2 receivers. The most popular formation at higher levels is a 3 receiver formation consisting of two left sides and a libero receiving every rotation. This allows middles and right sides to become more specialized at hitting and blocking. Offensive systems are the formations used by the offense to attempt to ground the ball into the opposing court or otherwise score points.
Formations often include designated player positions with skill specialization see Player specialization , below. Popular formations include the , , and systems see Formations , below. There are also several different attacking schemes teams can use to keep the opposing defense off balance. If you're looking for the best free volleyball betting tips then make bettingexpert your number one stop! Volleyball at the Olympic Games is incredibly popular.
Brazil are the current champions in the Men's game, winning the Gold Medal at Rio , for the third time. Just like the Men's tournament, Women's Olympic volleyball is a favourite amongst sports fans.
Women's volleyball betting is just as common in betting circles too. One of the most important aspects of successful sports betting is to be organised. This will help you stay disciplined with your betting, and also have the opportunity to spot value bets. Take a look at the next set of volleyball fixtures and begin to plan your volleyball betting strategy! There is such a huge range of volleyball competitions and tournaments to bet on.
Our tipsters post their volleyball betting tips on a regular basis to help you improve your chances of making profits on your volleyball betting too. It's not just Match Results predictions that our tipsters post. There are a range of betting tips available, from Outright betting to Total Sets and Total Points predictions. It can be a tough task trying to find the best free volleyball betting tips. There are many tipster sites out there promising the best betting tips and predictions but how do you know which tips are the most reliable and worthwhile to take advantage of?
Here at bettingexpert, we rank our tipsters in order of how much profit they have made and their yield percentages. This way, you can see with each which of our tipsters have been offering the best tips, and those who are certainly worth following.
The year saw over one million betting tips posted on our bettingexpert website! Take a look at our most successful volleyball tipsters over that period and see how much profit each tipster has made:. See the top tipsters here. How highly do you rate yourself as a volleyball tipster?
Think you could do better than our bettingexpert community? Then our bettingexpert tipster competition is for you! Sign up today for free and start posting your best volleyball betting tips, our most successful tipsters can win a cash prize every month!
Read below just a small number of reasons you should join our competition today:. Sign up and become a tipster now! As well as competing against some of the best tipsters around, you can also win real cash prizes, awarded to the best tipsters in the bettingexpert community each month! With a variety of leagues and increasing international popularity, volleyball betting is another option for punters.
Serbians and Brazilians clash in semifinal 4 Aug Serbians and Italians target Pool K1 top spot 3 Aug Brazilians and Italians clash in final 6 Aug Customers not only get to see volleyball matches being streamed live but they can also bet on their favourite markets.
Bettors can choose various categories to bet on such as match results, first set winner and total match points. They can just check the odds and tips and place their bets on their desired markets. There are also available tournament and match previews and fixtures lists to guide bettors.
Among the widely-watched domestic leagues in the world that are being streamed live in this web site are the Italian Serie A1, Greek League and Russian League.