Fill a small dish with room temperature distilled or bottled water. Because some table tennis rubber cleaning solutions include solvents, water is the safest method of legally cleaning your racket. Dip a small, fine sponge into the water. Squeeze it out so there is not an excessive amount of liquid going onto the racket. You want it just wet enough to pick up dust and dirt.
Too much water can also seep into the wood of the racket if it is not properly lacquered and cause it to swell. Hold the racket by the handle with the head facing toward the floor.
Beginning with one edge of the surface you can see, wipe the damp sponge from the base of the head to the top of the head in a straight line. The motion is similar to shaving and prevents dust from being spread around the rubber. Repeat the wiping motion until one surface is entirely cleaned, then turn the racket over in your hand and clean the opposite side. Rest the racket on the table or another relatively clean surface and allow it to dry completely before placing protective plastic covers on the rubber surfaces or returning it to a case.
Video of the Day. Types of Table Tennis Rackets. About Tennis Racket Shock Absorbers. Modern rackets generally range from mid-size 85 to 95 square inches to mid-plus 95 to square inches to what is now known as oversized, which is anything greater than square inches. As of the date of publication, most frames are made of some composite of graphite, fiberglass and metal alloys. Racket manufacturers recommend tension ranges for every racket they produce, and that information usually may be found on the racket frame.
The general rule of thumb is less tension for more power and more tension for better control. Recommended tensions vary by head size and frame composition, and by what feels comfortable for how you play.
Typical tensions generally fall between 50 and 70 pounds. Tennis strings have evolved with racket size from the traditional natural cow's gut to synthetic strings, including nylon, polyester, synthetic gut, metal alloys and varying combinations.
The evolution was primarily about price. You can use a single piece of string for your entire racket, or you can use one piece for the vertical stringing and another for the cross horizontal stringing. An open pattern requires less string and results in more space between strings. It should also result in more power and more spin. A closed pattern forms a denser string bed allowing for more control and more string durability. Manufacturers recommend string patterns for their rackets and often have like rackets with different patterns.
But some serious players want that control and will purchase racket stringing machines. The three types of machines available are electronic, drop weight and hand crank spring tension.
Electronic machines are the most expensive and most exacting in terms of setting tension. There are also variables in terms of how frames are mounted, which is important when it comes to some oversized rackets where frames are wider. If you're a serious stringer, you may try several before you find one that suits your needs. All stringing machines should include instructions on use.
Secure your racket in the mounter clamp and adjust the stringing tension without exceeding the manufacturer's tension limit or you may damage the frame. Prepare the recommended amount of string -- it could be 30 to 40 feet or more depending on racket size. Insert the first main string vertically at the center of the head and clamp it at desired tension.