West Indies won the 5-Test series 1—0. India recorded their first Test victory, in their 24th match, against England at Madras in However, they did not win again in the remainder of the decade and lost badly to strong Australian and English sides. On 24 August , India lost by an innings in the Test to complete the only 5—0 whitewash ever inflicted by England.
The next decade saw India's reputation develop as a team with a strong record at home. They won their first Test series against England at home in —62 and also won a home series against New Zealand. They managed to draw home series against Pakistan and Australia and another series against England. In this same period, India also won its first series outside the subcontinent, against New Zealand in — This period also saw the emergence of two of India's best ever batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath.
Indian pitches have had the tendency to support spin and the spin quartet exploited this to create collapses in opposing batting line-ups. These players were responsible for the back-to-back series wins in in the West Indies and in England, under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar. Gavaskar scored runs in the West Indian series while Dilip Sardesai 's played a big part in their one Test win. However, India was not considered strong in ODIs at this point and batsmen such as the captain Gavaskar were known for their defensive approach to batting.
India began as a weak team in ODIs and did not qualify for the second round in the first two editions of the Cricket World Cup.
Gavaskar infamously blocked his way to 36 not out off balls against England in the first World Cup in , India scored just for 3 and lost by runs. In contrast, India fielded a strong team in Test matches and was particularly strong at home, where their combination of stylish batsmen and beguiling spinners were at their best. India set a then Test record in the third Test against the West Indies at Port-of-Spain in , when they chased to win, thanks to from Viswanath.
This West Indian defeat is considered to be a watershed in the history of their cricket because it led to captain Clive Lloyd dispensing with spin altogether and relying entirely on a four-man pace attack instead. In November , the team established another record by scoring for 9 declared against New Zealand at Kanpur without any individual batsman scoring a century.
There were six fifties, the highest being 70 by Mohinder Amarnath. This innings was only the eighth instance in Test cricket where all eleven batsmen reached double figures.
During the s, India developed a more attack-minded batting line-up with stroke makers such as the wristy Mohammed Azharuddin , Dilip Vengsarkar and all-rounders Kapil Dev and Ravi Shastri. India won the Cricket World Cup in , defeating the favourites and the two-time defending champions West Indies in the final at Lords, owing to a strong bowling performance.
In spite of this, the team performed poorly in the Test arena, including 28 consecutive Test matches without a victory. Apart from this, India remained a weak team outside the Indian subcontinent. India's Test series victory in against England remained the last Test series win by India outside the subcontinent for the next 19 years.
The s saw Gavaskar and Kapil Dev India's best all-rounder to date at the pinnacle of their careers. Gavaskar made a Test record 34 centuries as he became the first man to reach the 10, run mark.
Kapil Dev later became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket with wickets. The period was also marked by an unstable leadership, with Gavaskar and Kapil exchanging the captaincy several times. The addition of Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble to the national side in and further improved the team.
Despite this, during the s, India did not win any of its 33 Tests outside the subcontinent while it won 17 out of its 30 Tests at home. After being eliminated by neighbours Sri Lanka on home soil at the Cricket World Cup semifinal, the team underwent a year of change as Sourav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid , later to become captains of the team, made their debut in the same Test at Lord's.
Tendulkar replaced Azharuddin as captain in late , but after a personal and team form slump, Tendulkar relinquished the captaincy and Azharuddin was reinstated at the beginning of With the captaincy burden removed, Tendulkar was the world's leading run-scorer in both Tests and ODIs, as India enjoyed a home Test series win over Australia, the best-ranked team in the world.
After failing to reach the semifinals at the Cricket World Cup , Tendulkar was again made captain, and had another poor run, losing 3—0 on a tour of Australia and then 2—0 at home to South Africa. Tendulkar resigned, vowing never to captain the team again.
Ganguly was appointed the new captain and the team was further damaged in when former captain Azharuddin and fellow batsman Ajay Jadeja were implicated in a match-fixing scandal and given life and five years bans respectively. This period was described by the BBC as "the Indian cricket's worst hour". However, the new core — Tendulkar, Dravid, Kumble and Ganguly — swore not to let this happen to them again, and lead Indian cricket out of the dark times.
And the first three put aside personal ambitions to let Ganguly lead them into a new era. Since , the Indian team underwent major improvements with the appointment of John Wright as India's first ever foreign coach. India maintained their unbeaten home record against Australia in Test series after defeating them in The series was famous for the Kolkata Test match, in which India became only the third team in the history of Test cricket to win a Test match after following on.
Australian captain Steve Waugh labelled India as the "Final Frontier" as a result of his side's inability to win a Test series in India. The —04 season also saw India play out a Test series in Australia where they drew 1—1 with the world champions, and then win a Test and ODI series in Pakistan. At the end of the season, India suffered from lack of form and fitness from its older players.
A defeat in a following home Test series against Australia was followed by an ODI home series defeat against Pakistan followed by a Test series levelled 1—1.
Greg Chappell took over from John Wright as the coach of the Indian cricket team following the series, and his methods proved to be controversial during the beginning of his tenure. The tension resulted in a fallout between Chappell and Ganguly, resulting in Rahul Dravid being made captain. This triggered a revival in the team's fortunes, following the emergence of players like Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Suresh Raina , and the coming of age of players like Irfan Pathan and Yuvraj Singh.
A convincing ODI series win in Pakistan in early , following a loss in the Test series, gave India the world record of 17 successive ODI victories while batting second. This was followed yet again by an initial good performance in the Tests, giving India its first Test match win in South Africa, although they went on to lose the series 2—1. This Test series was marked by Ganguly's comeback to the Indian team.
In December , India played and won its first ever Twenty20 international in South Africa, becoming the most recent Test team to play Twenty20 cricket. Series victories against the West Indies and Sri Lanka, marked by the comeback of Ganguly, and strong form by Tendulkar, and the emergence of young players like Robin Uthappa saw many pundits to tip India as a real contender to win the Cricket World Cup. However, defeats to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka saw India fail to reach the second round.
After winning the Test series against England in August , Dravid stepped down as the captain of the team, following which Dhoni was made the captain of the Twenty20 and ODI team. In —08, they toured Australia where India lost the highly controversial home Test series 2—1 but managed to win the CB series the following month with a whitewash final of Australia.
They retained the ranking by drawing series against South Africa and Sri Lanka. In October , India whitewashed Australia 2—0 in the home test series, giving them back-to-back series wins against them.
Later that year, India managed to draw the Test series in South Africa at 1—1. India were whitewashed 4—0 in away Test series by England in August due to which England replaced India as the No. Tendulkar retired in November after his th Test match.
With Ganguly having retired in , this period signalled the end of the fabled middle-order batting line-up India had for a decade. This was the first Team India were beaten by England at home in the modern era. India also failed to qualify for the Asia Cup final which closed out a disappointing for the Indian cricket team.
In early , India returned the favour to Australia and whitewashed them 4—0 at home in a Test series. However, India lost heavily against New Zealand and South Africa away from home and led to heavy criticism of Indian cricketers for not being able to perform overseas.
In , India toured Bangladesh and England. This series included a famous win for the Indian team in the first match of the series at Lord's. India failed to reach the final of the Asia Cup yet again in This tournament saw the rise of Virat Kohli as one of the best limited overs batsmen in world cricket, as he was adjudged the man of the series.
India toured Australia towards the end of for a 4-match Test series, which is remembered for MS Dhoni's sudden retirement from Test cricket after the end of the second Test. Virat Kohli was appointed as the captain of Team India in Test matches but he was unable to turn the series around and India lost 2—0. Kohli's first series win as captain came away from home in a 3-match Test series vs Sri Lanka, which signalled the beginning of an unbeaten Test series run for India.
This series was the beginning of an unbeaten streak of 19 Test matches for India which was brought to an end by Australia in early This series also saw the emergence of Ravichandran Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja as two of the best spinners and all-rounders. They spun webs around touring batsmen, much like the spinning quartet of the s. This was followed by limited overs victories over Australia and Sri Lanka away from home. India was knocked out of the World Cup in the semi-final stage, to eventual winners Australia.
India began by winning the Asia Cup , remaining unbeaten throughout the tournament, beating Pakistan along the way. India were favourites to win the ICC World Twenty20 which was being held at home, but they lost in the semi-final to eventual champions West Indies. Virat Kohli was again named the man of the series. India whitewashed New Zealand to regain the number one ranking in Test cricket after almost 10 years.
Before the series against England in November , MS Dhoni resigned as captain of India in limited overs, thus handing the captaincy to Virat Kohli across all formats. India beat England across all three formats, with a notable 4—0 win in the Test series. Ravichandran Ashwin became the fastest cricketer of all time to reach wickets; he and Ravindra Jadeja occupied the top two spots in both the ICC Bowlers and All-Rounders rankings at the time.
In the process, India became the third team after South Africa and Australia to have won their most recent Test series against all the other Test-playing nations.
India holds an unbeaten streak of 8 consecutive Test series wins as of 19 August India defeated Pakistan in their first game of the ICC Champions Trophy , winning by a convincing run margin,  but lost their second game of the group against Sri Lanka by 7 wickets despite posting a total of It is amongst the richest sporting organisations in the world.
The International Cricket Council determines India's upcoming matches through its future tours program. However, the BCCI, with its influential financial position in the cricketing world, has often challenged the ICC's program and called for more series between India, Australia and England which are more likely to earn more revenue as opposed to tours with Bangladesh or Zimbabwe.
Selection for the Indian cricket team occurs through the BCCI's zonal selection policy, where each of the five zones is represented with one selector and one of the members nominated by BCCI as the Chairman of the selection committee. This has sometimes led to controversy as to whether these selectors are biased towards their zones. The current chairman of the selection committee is M. The blue colour of their uniform has also earned them the nickname of "Men in Blue".
With the advent of the World Series Cup in the s, each team was to don a primary and secondary colour on their uniforms. The Indian team elected to wear light-blue as their primary colour and yellow as their secondary colour. Even during the Cricket World Cup , the secondary colour on the Indian cricket team's clothing was yellow. However, this has since been replaced with the tricolour.
In the past, the Indian ODI outfits were changed to different shades of blue, mostly darker than the current,  and the team donned navy blue during ,  and then the sky blue colour for the next decade. Indian team has got a new kit from which is feroza blue with India written on it in orange. Due to their love for blue colour Nike with Board for Control of Cricket in India launched the mega campaign called "Bleed Blue" for the support of Indian team in ICC Cricket World Cup which turned out to be a huge success and people over the internet and places adopted this to cheer for India.
A new ultramarine blue coloured jersey of the one-day cricket team was released on 20 October  for the upcoming tours and ICC Cricket World Cup. The jersey has been designed by team's apparel and kit sponsor Nike.
Previously, the Indian cricket team has worn a darker shade of blue and before that, the team has worn sky blue. The vertical tricolour band has been made on both sides in comparison to just one side in the previous shirt. OPPO , the manufacturer of Chinese electronics is the official team sponsor logo is on the central part of the jersey above orange coloured INDIA logo and on the right arm Nike logo is visible.
The name and jersey number of the player are printed in orange at the back while on the chest the logo of BCCI is on the left side. While his ways have surely lacked consistency and left much to be desired, Kohli along with Shastri will need to make some tough calls while framing the batting unit for the start of the series.
One of India's best overseas batsmen over the past few years, Vijay holds the key as the visitors look to negate the dreaded new ball. KL Rahul might just pip Shikhar Dhawan for the second opener's slot due to current form. Virat Kohli had shockingly included Rohit Sharma ahead of Ajinkya Rahane during the Test series in South Africa sighting 'current form', and one expects him to stick to that logic come the first Test against England.
However, both Kohli and coach Ravi Shastri are also big on 'impact players'. Dhawan is, perhaps, the only top-order batsman in India's squad who can turn the match on its head in a single session.
His back-to-back ducks against Essex and general inefficiency against the moving ball, though, have to be given due importance. Dropping Rahul, who's in the form of his life, for Dhawan will be a massive call on the team management's part. India's 'Test specialist' might just hold on to his beloved No.
Cheteshwar Pujara has spent many months plying his trade in England's County Championship, but form eluded him and his poor showing against Essex has put him in a spot. Playing Vijay, Dhawan and Rahul as the top three might be a tempting option, but Pujara's pedigree as a Test batsman should save him the axe. India's best batsman will hope to be the unit's backbone at the all-important No. Hanuma Vihari tops the list occupied by Steve Smith, Virat Kohli among others Vihari became the first Andhra cricketer in 19 years to be picked for India's Test squad to play the fourth and fifth Tests in England.
Ishant Sharma, R Ashwin set records, match stands on knife-edge Both bowlers breathed fire as England were slammed away in Edgbaston before Sam Curran played a cavalier knock of 53 to pose a challenge of for India. Play Boost for India team as Wriddhiman Saha undergoes successful shoulder surgery The surgery took place in Manchester under the supervision of a BCCI medical team after it was learnt that he had recovered from the finger injury but had aggravated the shoulder injury.
VAR snub by clubs draws parallel to India's reluctance to use DRS The BCCI and the Premier League, two well-off entities, astonishingly cited lack of financial viability as a reason to not adopt technologies that have significantly reduced errors. India tour of New Zealand The Indian women's team will also face off with their New Zealand counterparts.
Alastair Cook says Indian bowling attack has both depth and variety The former skipper spoke about the depth in the Indian bowling unit and also said that there is a reason why the Indian team is the number one side in the world.
Jos Buttler credits IPL for his form; Stuart Broad lauds Kohli ahead of India-England series Both the England players admitted to the fact that self-belief is paramount and the drive to win and be competitive at all times is what is necessary to be successful.